Taman Ayun Temple may not be as familiar to some tourists as Uluwatu Temple or Tanah Lot Temple.
However, this temple turns out to have stories and historical values that are interesting to learn.
The philosophy of building a unique temple is one of the attractions for tourists who want to visit.
The world recognized the view from the neatly arranged garden and the architectural beauty of the building as one of the best.
You can visit this temple using a Bali tour package from your travel agency. But first, consider a brief review of the following Taman Ayun Temple:
History of Taman Ayun Temple
Taman Ayun Temple was the mother temple or Paibon heritage of the Mengwi Kingdom during the reign of King I Gusti Agung Putu.
The construction of this temple began in 1632 AD or 1554 SAKA and took about two years to complete.
This temple was finished on Tuesday, Kliwon Medangsia, the fourth month of 1556 Saka, or 1634 AD.
The purpose of King I Gusti Agung Putu’s building of this temple is to worship the ancestors of the previous kings.
At first, the name of this temple was Pura Genter, but after the kingdom grew, Pura Genter expanded again.
This expansion included constructing a park and adding a temple building, so the temple’s name was changed to Taman Ayun Temple.
The Mengwi kingdom gave the name “I Kongco” to a Chinese architect who helped build this temple. He was known as “I Kongco.”
This temple has had several renovations and repairs. The first renovation took place in 1750 under the command of architect Hobin Ho.
In 1932, a few years after an earthquake destroyed most of the temple, it was given a major makeover. Then some of the temple areas were renovated again in 1949.
The last repair was carried out in 1976, and until now, the shape of the building is still well preserved.
The beauty of this temple building is also used as a World Cultural Heritage Site by UNESCO to maintain the authenticity and historical value of the building.
The Unique Architecture of Taman Ayun Temple
This temple was built with the philosophy of a tri mandala, or three levels of life, in mind. Therefore, the building in the temple is divided into several floors.
According to this philosophy, the higher the level, the closer to humans’ spiritual values. The first level symbolizes the world, or place, of ordinary people.
Then the second level symbolizes increasing spiritual value and purity.
The last, on the highest level, represents heaven or a palace for God Almighty.
This philosophy is embodied in the form of a magnificent temple building. Here are some areas of Taman Ayun Temple that you can visit while you are here
The outer area of the first courtyard of Taman Ayun Temple is a large pool that surrounds the temple complex.
To get into the first courtyard, you must go through the temple’s gate and cross a stone bridge with two big statues.
In this area, you can see a small pool with showers facing the nine cardinal directions.
Then on the right side is a pavilion building, in the middle of which there is a stage complete with stairs and seats around it.
This pavilion building is also known as Wantilan. When the traditional ceremony takes place, it is often a place for cockfighting or Tajen.
But before the time was right, the stage was full of dioramas depicting Tajen’s activities.
This first courtyard is the largest area of Taman Ayun Temple. You can see the gate leading to the second courtyard at the end of the first courtyard.
The location of the second court is higher than the first court. Although the area is not large, this second court is the most crowded by tourist visits.
When you first enter, you can see a tower called Bale Pengubengan in the middle of the courtyard.
On the walls of the building, there is a relief of Dewata Nawa Sanga, the god who guards the cardinal directions.
You can also see the statue in the pavilion to the right of Bale Pengubengan.
There are also two Balinese Barong statues in this pavilion for tourists to take photos of.
At the very end of the court, there is a large gate, the main entrance to the third court or holy place.
However, this gate is only open during traditional ceremonies. Visitors usually use a small gate around the fence to see.
In the third courtyard, you can see nine Meru with various roof tiers from 1 tier to 11 tiers.
This courtyard is in the highest position of the Taman Ayun Temple area because that’s the location to be sacred and sacred.
Around the Meru area or place of worship is a small pond with a few embellished lotus flowers.
All forms of religious ceremonies usually take place in the third court and can be seen from the pelinggih in each Meru.
The philosophy of the building in the third courtyard describes Mount Meru in the middle of a sea of milk.
Each Meru serves to worship gods and goddesses as well as ancestors who are in heaven.
A favorite place for tourists to take pictures is the third court’s gate area, which is at the end of the second courtyard.
The name of this gate is the Gelung door, and the Meru-Meru in the third courtyard is no less attractive for you to take pictures of.
Taman Ayun Temple Entrance Fee
To enter the Taman Ayun Temple area, you must pay a very affordable entrance fee.
The fees differ between local and foreign tourists. Here are the details:
|Motorcycle Parking Only||Rp2,000,00|
The prices listed in the table change depending on the manager’s policy.
However, you can use this list to estimate and prepare before visiting Taman Ayun Temple.
Also, enjoy other tourist attractions in Bali with Tour Packages from existing Travel Bureaus.
With this package, you can still go on vacation to many places, even with a limited budget and time.
Location and Route to Taman Ayun Temple
The Taman Ayun Temple is on Jl. Ayodya No. 10, Mengwi, in the Mengwi District of the Badung Regency on the island of Bali.
The distance is about 18 km from the center of Denpasar City, with a travel time of approximately 42 minutes.
You can access this temple using private vehicles or public transportation.
But few cars still deliver right to the location, so using your own or a rented car could be the best option.
You can take advantage of the help of Google Maps to get the best route from wherever you are. On the side of the road, many signposts lead to Taman Ayun Temple.
Opening Hours of Taman Ayun Temple
Taman Ayun Temple is open from 08.00 WITA to 18.15 WITA every day. For the best time to visit this place, you can come in the morning or afternoon in the dry season.
That way, you will not be disturbed by the rain when exploring the open area of Taman Ayun Temple.
Sunny weather can also be a beautiful background for you to take pictures, especially in the afternoon.